The Pew Internet study found that more than 90% of Americans were getting their news from multiple sources and almost 60% were getting at least some online.
Three quarters of those accessing news online said they were consuming it socially and it is being forwarded to them via email or posts on social networking sites. As many as 52% were reciprocating and sharing news of their own.
According to Pew the increased online and social nature of news means that few are loyal to one or even two news providers.
Seven out of 10 people accessing online news were doing so from more than two websites and 65% said they had no favourite news source. Among those who do, however, the most popular sites were those of major news organizations such as CNN and Fox.
Pew said the advent of social networking sites and blogs has helped news become a social experience in fresh ways for consumers as they use social media to filter, assess, and react to news.
Many more consumers are now taking part in the news. 37% of internet users have contributed to the creation of news, commented about it, or shared it via postings on social media sites like Facebook or Twitter.
The study said: "To a great extent, people's experience of news, especially on the internet, is becoming a shared social experience as people swap links in emails, post news stories on their social networking site feeds, highlight news stories in their tweets, and haggle over the meaning of events in discussion threads."
Twitter, and other status update services, are used by 19% of online Americans and virtually all of those people using Twitter access their news online.
Key findings from Pew Internet & American Life Project:
- 75% of online news consumers say they get news forwarded through email or posts on social networking sites and 52% say they share links to news with others via those means.
- 51% of social networking site (e.g. Facebook) users who are also online news consumers say that on a typical day they get news items from people they follow. Another 23% of this group follow news organisations or individual journalists on social networking sites.
- 37% of internet users have done at least one of the following: commenting on a news story (25%); posting a link on a social networking site (17%); tagging content (11%), creating their own original news material or opinion piece (9%), or tweeting about news (3%).
- 28% of internet users have customised their home page to include news from their favourite source or topics.
- 40% of internet users say an important feature of a news website to them is the ability to customise the news they get from the site.
- 36% of internet users say an important part of a news website to them is the ability to manipulate content themselves such as graphics, maps, and quizzes.
- 57% of online Americans use social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace or LinkedIn.
- 97% of the above group are online news consumers.
- 23% of the social networking users who get news online say they specifically get news from news organisations and individual journalists they follow in the social networking space.